Google 代码。

How to grow strawberries

strawberry grow

Strawberry is a perennial herbaceous plant with red fruits. Strawberry is highly adaptable and can be cultivated on land and in hydroponics, as well as in off-season cultivation in greenhouses. It is a popular fruit.
Traditional strawberry planting times vary by region. In the south, planting can be done all year round, while in the north, the best planting time is spring, usually starting around March. Greenhouse strawberry cultivation has many advantages over traditional strawberry cultivation. First of all, greenhouse strawberries can be grown throughout the year without being affected by natural conditions. Secondly, greenhouse strawberries can be grown out of season, providing people with more diversified strawberry varieties. At the same time, greenhouse strawberries can also avoid the invasion of diseases and pests, reduce the disease rate of strawberries, and increase yield and quality. In addition, the planting and management of greenhouse strawberries is more precise and scientific, and the growth of strawberries can be promoted through the use of fertilizers, pesticides and other more environmentally friendly and efficient ways.

strawberry picking

Growing strawberries in a greenhouse is an opportunity to enjoy fresh, delicious berries year-round. Here are the basic steps to follow:
Install temperature control, ventilation, irrigation and lighting systems. Prepare the soil or container for planting to ensure good drainage and nutrient availability.

1. Variety selection: Choose strawberry varieties suitable for greenhouse cultivation. Evergreen or day-neutral varieties are often preferred because of their ability to produce fruit continuously throughout the growing season.

2. Planting: Plant strawberries in raised beds, containers or hanging baskets filled with well-drained potting mix. Spacing plants according to specific recommendations for the variety chosen, usually 12-18 inches apart.

3. Care and maintenance: Water your strawberries regularly and keep the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged. Drip or soaker hoses are often used to deliver water directly to the roots.

4. Monitor temperature, humidity and ventilation in the greenhouse to maintain optimal growing conditions.

5. Apply organic mulch around plants to retain moisture, suppress weeds and keep fruit clean. Fertilize your strawberries regularly with a balanced fertilizer formulated specifically for fruit tree plants. Monitor soil fertility and pH and amend the soil as needed. Remove weeds, old leaves and flowers regularly to promote air circulation and reduce the risk of disease.

6. Pest and disease management: Monitor your plants regularly for signs of pests such as aphids, spider mites or thrips, as well as common diseases such as powdery mildew or gray mold.

strawberry grow light

What should you pay attention to when growing strawberries in a greenhouse?

1. Temperature control: Maintain the optimal temperature for strawberry growth, usually between 60°F to 80°F (15°C to 27°C) during the day and slightly cooler at night. A greenhouse allows you to regulate the temperature more easily, but fluctuations can still occur, so monitoring is crucial.

2. Light: Ensure sufficient light for photosynthesis, at least 6-8 hours a day. At this time, LED grow light can play a big role.

3. Humidity: Maintain moderate humidity, preferably between 60% and 80%, to prevent fungal diseases and promote healthy growth. Proper ventilation helps regulate humidity and prevent moisture buildup.

4. Watering: Keep watering to keep the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged. Drip irrigation or soaker hoses are often used in greenhouse strawberry production to deliver water directly to the roots while minimizing moisture on the leaves, thereby reducing the risk of disease.

5. Soil: Use a well-drained, nutrient-rich soil mix suitable for strawberry growing. Soil pH should be between 5.5 and 6.5 for optimal growth. Monitor soil fertility and pH regularly and amend the soil with organic matter or fertilizer as needed.

6. Pest management: Monitor plants regularly for signs of pests, such as aphids, spider mites or thrips, as well as common diseases such as powdery mildew, gray mold or gray mold. Integrated pest management (IPM) practices, including cultural, biological and chemical control methods, can help minimize damage.

7. Pollination: Since the greenhouse environment may lack natural pollinators such as bees, artificial pollination may be necessary, especially for self-pollinating strawberry varieties. Gently shaking the plant or using a small brush to transfer pollen between flowers can help ensure fruit set.

8. Pruning and maintenance: Remove old or diseased leaves, stolons and flowers regularly to promote air circulation and reduce the risk of disease. Prune excess stolons to encourage greater fruit production.

red light blue light

Red and blue light needed for strawberry growing

The blue light band required in the production process of strawberries is mainly in the range of 400-500 nanometers. After strawberries absorb blue light, they can increase the chlorophyll content, thereby increasing the yield and quality of the plant. In addition, blue light plays an important role in strawberry flower bud differentiation, fruit enlargement, and improvement in quality and yield. At the same time, red light (600-700 nanometers) has a positive effect on strawberry plant growth, flowering and fruiting. It can promote the vegetative growth of strawberries, increase the number of flower buds, and improve fruit quality.
Therefore, during the strawberry production process, specially designed light sources can be used to provide blue and red light in different bands to improve the yield and quality of strawberries. At the same time, the use of white light also needs to be considered to increase strawberry yield and improve fruit quality.