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How to grow cucumber

cucumber grow

Cucumber is an annual herbaceous plant of the Cucurbitaceae family. The cucumber stems are slender, have longitudinal ribs, and are pubescent; the leaves are alternate, with a rough surface, and are covered with rough hairs, and are heart-shaped or triangular-ovate in shape; the flowers are yellow, and the outside of the corolla lobes is densely covered with yellowish-brown hairs; The style is filamentous and the fruit stem is slender; the fruit is cylindrical, green-white when ripe, with a smooth surface; the seeds are white with red arils. Cucumber likes warmth and cannot tolerate cold. It grows slowly when the temperature is about 10 degrees; it starts to grow when the temperature is about 15 degrees, and is most suitable for growth between 25 and 30 degrees.
Cucumber is rich in nutrients, including vitamin C, vitamin E, carotene, potassium and other minerals, and also contains a lot of water. These nutrients help keep the body healthy, strengthen immunity, and have antioxidant effects. In addition, cucumber also contains a substance called bitters, which has anti-cancer effects. Therefore, cucumber is a very beneficial vegetable that can be consumed as part of your daily diet.

mini cucumber

Steps for growing cucumbers in greenhouse hydroponics

Prepare your hydroponic greenhouse by ensuring adequate space, water, and proper ventilation.Install a hydroponic system suitable for cucumbers, such as Nutrient Film Technique (NFT), Deep Water Cultivation (DWC) or a Dutch Barrel system.

1. Hydroponic Medium: Choose a hydroponic growing medium suitable for cucumbers, such as rockwool blocks, perlite, coir, or clay pellets.
Fill your hydroponic container or growing channel with your chosen medium.

2. Nutrient solution: Prepare a balanced hydroponic nutrient solution specially formulated for cucumbers. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for mixing the solution and adjusting the pH to the optimal range for cucumber growth (usually about 5.8 to 6.5).

3. Seed starting: Place cucumber seeds into rockwool cubes or small pots filled with hydroponic growing medium. Keep the growing medium moist and provide adequate warmth and light for germination.

4. Transplant: Once your cucumber seedlings have developed a few true leaves, transplant them into a hydroponic system.Carefully place the seedlings into the growing medium, making sure the roots are completely covered and supported.

5 . Support structure: Install a trellis, rope, or other support structure for the cucumbers to climb as they grow.
Train cucumber vines to climb supports, which will help maximize space and promote better air circulation around the plant.

6. Nutrient delivery: Set up a hydroponic system to continuously or intermittently deliver nutrient solution to the cucumber roots, depending on the specific system used.
Monitor nutrient solution levels and pH regularly and make adjustments as needed to maintain optimal nutrient levels and pH balance.

7. Temperature and humidity control: Maintain the optimal temperature for cucumber growth in the greenhouse, usually between 70°F and 80°F (21°C and 27°C) during the day and slightly cooler at night.

8. Ensure proper ventilation and humidity control to prevent overheating and reduce the risk of fungal diseases.

red light blue light

Light bands of different spectra have different effects on the cultivation of cucumbers

Blue light (band range: 400-500 nanometers)
Blue light has an important impact on plant morphogenesis and flowering development.
In cucumber planting, an appropriate amount of blue light can promote the healthy growth of plants, increase the expansion of leaves and the compactness of stems and leaves.
Blue light can also promote flowering and fruit development of plants, helping to increase the yield and quality of cucumbers.

Red light (wavelength range: 600-700 nanometers)
Red light mainly promotes the growth and development of plants, especially the growth of stems, leaves and roots.
During the cultivation of cucumbers, red light helps increase the biomass of stems and leaves and improve the photosynthesis efficiency of the plants.
Appropriate amount of red light can also promote the formation of cucumber flower buds and fruit growth, increasing yield.

Near infrared light: (band range: 700-1100 nanometers)
Near-infrared light can promote photosynthesis and growth of plants and improve photosynthesis efficiency.
In cucumber cultivation, an appropriate amount of near-infrared light can increase the photosynthetic efficiency of leaves and promote the healthy growth of plants.
Far infrared light:

Green light (wavelength range: 500-600 nanometers):
Green light plays a relatively small role in plant growth and is mainly absorbed for photosynthesis.
An appropriate amount of green light can promote the photosynthesis efficiency of leaves and contribute to the growth and development of plants.

Therefore, in greenhouse planting, LED GROW LIGHT plays a very critical role in the light required during plant growth. Special plant growth lights can be customized according to different plants corresponding to different spectrums to better assist plants in growing more efficiently. Good production, increased fruit yield